What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is the reproduction of human intelligence tasks by machines, mostly computer systems. Certain applications of AI include specialist systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision.
How its work?
Artificial intelligence uses machine learning to mimic human intelligence. The computer has to learn how to acknowledge certain actions, so it uses data and historical data to create something called a propensity model. AI works by combining large amounts of data with fast, iterative processing and intelligent algorithms.
Four Types of AI :
1. Reactive machines: Reactive machines are basic in that they do not store ‘memories’ or use past events to determine future actions. They simply recognize the world and react to it. Think of this type of AI as the most basic variety. … Reactive machines are given certain tasks and don’t have potential beyond those duties.
2. Limited Memory: Such an AI has a short-term or a temporary memory that can be used to store past experiences and hence assess future actions. Self-driving cars are Limited Memory AI, that uses the data collected in the recent past to make instant decisions.
3.Theory of Mind: Computers provided with this kind of AI will be able to understand emotions, and they will be able to differentiate between many emotions of different people. They will modify their course of action suitably. This kind of AI is a work-in-progress.
4. Self Aware: These are systems that can form representations of themselves. These would be machines that are ‘aware’ of themselves and know their internal states.